Cannabidiol (CBD): ultimate CBD guide

Cannabidiol (CBD): ultimate CBD guide

CBD products have become a real trend in recent years. While the CBD market is still far from binding and, more importantly, uniform regulation, it is becoming increasingly easy for consumers to legally purchase the right CBD product for them. So if you want to buy CBD, you can find all the important information in our guide series. In this article, we will reveal what CBD actually is.

While the CBD market is still far from binding and, more importantly, uniform regulation, it is becoming increasingly easy for consumers to legally purchase the right CBD product for them.

Thus, more and more people are discovering CBD for themselves. Stressed people are looking for relaxation, pain patients want to try a natural help – there are many reasons why users swear by CBD.

Since not everyone is familiar with CBD, you might first ask yourself: What is CBD and what does it have to do with cannabis?

Important to know: CBD is natural, does not produce a state of intoxication, is not addictive and is not illegal as a substance per se.

HANF IS IN. BUT WHAT IS CBD?

  • The cultivation of certain low-THC varieties of hemp is encouraged by the EU as the plant can be used in its entirety.
  • Until the beginning of the 20th century, cannabis was widely used in medicine – for its pain-relieving and sedative effects.
  • The WHO classifies CBD as harmless.

HANF IN TREND

Hemp is an ancient useful and ornamental plant, but it is only in recent years that it has risen to become a real trend plant. It has found its way into our diet – as protein-rich hemp seeds for muesli or as nutty, delicious hemp oil. It makes the fashion world unsafe – as a robust, environmentally friendly and skin-friendly hemp fibre. And it has also made its way into medical and pharmaceutical research – at least as CBD. But what is CBD exactly?

CBD or cannabidiol is one of the many ingredients in the female hemp plant. These contain a total of about 100 different so-called phytocannabinoids, of which the best known are THC, cannabinol and CBD.

Depending on the variety, the plants contain more or less of these different substances. Therefore, hemp cultivars that are lower in THC and higher in CBD are being developed or used for the extraction of CBD. By the way, the most CBD content is found in the upper parts of the plant and the flowers.

Important to know: CBD is natural, does not produce a state of intoxication, is not addictive and is not illegal as a substance per se.

HANF IN TREND

Hemp is an old, traditional useful and ornamental plant. It has accompanied mankind through the millennia. But it is only in the last few years that it has risen to become a real trend plant:

It has found its way into our diet – as protein-rich hemp seeds for muesli or as nutty, delicious hemp oil.

It makes the fashion world unsafe – as a robust, environmentally friendly and skin-friendly hemp fibre.

And it has also found its way into medical and pharmaceutical research – at least its ingredient CBD. But what is CBD exactly?

PLEASE MEET: CANNABIDIOL

CBD or cannabidiol is one of the many ingredients of the female hemp plant Cannabis sativa. These contain a total of about 100 different so-called phytocannabinoids, of which the best known are tetrahydrocannabinole (THCs), cannabinole (CBNs), cannabigerole (CBGs) and are cannabidiols (CBDs) are.

However, hemp contains a total of almost 500 different components, in addition to the phytocannabinoids just mentioned, these also include flavonoids, terpenes and other plant substances.

Depending on the variety, hemp plants contain more or less of these different substances. Therefore, hemp cultivars that are lower in THC and higher in CBD are being developed or used for the extraction of CBD. By the way, the most CBD content is found in the upper parts of the plant and the flowers.

THE PRODUCTION AND QUALITY OF CBD PRODUCTS

As with any ingredient derived from a natural product, the quality of CBD comes down to two big factors: The breeding and quality of the actual plants, as well as how the ingredients are extracted.

With CBD, the extraction process is quite complex. Especially if you want to extract not only the isolated CBD, but also other plant substances that are necessary for the taste and may also influence the effect in its entirety (the so-called entourage effect).

In principle, CBD can also be produced artificially (synthetically). There are different methods for the extraction:

  • Oil Exctraction
  • Ethanol extraction
  • Hydrocarbon extraction
  • CO2 extraction

The so-called CO2 method is considered to be the highest-quality, most sustainable and also most widespread extraction method. It is, as it were, the most expensive. CO2 extraction produces an oil on the hemp plant that still needs to be processed before it comes to you dissolved in a carrier oil in the form of CBD drops.

But the processing of the so-called CBD flowers is also a delicate artisanal task. In order to guarantee a fine taste and high quality, many steps have to be taken into account (learn more exciting facts in our CBD flower guide).

CBD IS LEGAL

Important to know: CBD is natural, does not produce a state of intoxication, is not addictive and is therefore not illegal as a substance per se. According to the ruling of the European Court of Justice of 19.11.2020, CBD is not to be classified as a narcotic.

Are all CBD products legal everywhere?

Learn more about the following CBD topics

A MARKET IN TRANSITION: IS CANNABIDIOL (CBD) LEGAL?

LEGAL: YES AND NO?

Currently, quite different regulations apply to CBD products. This of course has to do with the origin of the active ingredient and the legal and social attitude towards cannabis.

Only since 2020 have there been the first real relaxations for CBD products.

After the United Nations had taken cannabis off the list of hard drugs, the European Commission had also repositioned itself and declared CBD as a so-called novel food. The corresponding use can therefore now be applied for by manufacturers.

Since CBD products can also contain THC, depending on how they are made, many CBD products are still partly in a legal grey area. Not only from country to country, in some cases there may even be different regulations from city to city.

HEMP IS TRENDY. CBD IS IN. BUT WHAT IS CBD?

However, CBD products are subject to quite different regulations. Of course, this has to do with the origin of the active ingredient and the legal attitude towards cannabis.

Only since 2020 have there been the first real relaxations for CBD products. After the United Nations had taken cannabis off the list of hard drugs, the European Commission had also repositioned itself and declared CBD as a so-called novel food. The corresponding use can therefore now be applied for by manufacturers.

Since CBD products can also contain THC, depending on how they are made, many CBD products are still partly in a legal grey area; not only from country to country, sometimes even from city to city there can be different regulations.

Thus, in Switzerland as well as in Germany and Austria, certain CBD products such as CBD oils sold as dietary supplements are legal under the current legal situation. However, the permitted THC content in these products varies: in Switzerland, the maximum permitted THC content is less than 0.2% in Germany and less than 0.3% in Austria.

Don’t get confused: CBD oil and hemp oil are two completely different products. Hemp oil is simply understood to be the conventional cooking oil that adds a nutty note to your salad and gives you a boost of essential fatty acids. CBD oil, on the other hand, sometimes called cannabis oil, is a carrier oil with CBD extracted from the hemp plant as the active ingredient.


CBD flowers
in turn, are legal in Switzerland and Austria if the THC is below 1% (Switzerland) or below 0.3% (Austria). In Germany, however, CBD flowers and Teas and similar products are currently banned, i.e. illegal.


Cosmetic products containing CBD
are again banned in Switzerland, but allowed in Germany and Austria. The situation is even more complicated with CBD as a drug or drug ingredient.

CBD: WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN BUYING

So what to look for when buying CBD products with residual THC?

As long as the THC content is below the legal limit, the intoxicating effect is absent. The type of CBD product is also legal depending on the country. So be sure to pay attention to this information when buying and stay informed. It will certainly get easier for consumers over time, even if more research is done.

It is also important to make sure that you use quality products to reduce the risk of side effects. The manufacturer should provide information about the cultivation of the plants, the country of origin and the extraction method (CO2 is optimal).